An overview of the RDKit¶
What is it?¶
Open source toolkit for cheminformatics¶
- Business-friendly BSD license
- Core data structures and algorithms in C++
- Python (2.x and 3.x) wrapper generated using Boost.Python
- Java and C# wrappers generated with SWIG
- 2D and 3D molecular operations
- Descriptor generation for machine learning
- Molecular database cartridge for PostgreSQL
- Cheminformatics nodes for KNIME (distributed from the KNIME community site: http://tech.knime.org/community/rdkit)
- Supports Mac/Windows/Linux
- Releases every 6 months
- Web presence:
- Mailing lists at https://sourceforge.net/p/rdkit/mailman/, searchable archives available for rdkit-discuss and rdkit-devel
- 2000-2006: Developed and used at Rational Discovery for building predictive models for ADME, Tox, biological activity
- June 2006: Open-source (BSD license) release of software, Rational Discovery shuts down
- to present: Open-source development continues, use within Novartis, contributions from Novartis back to open-source version
- Input/Output: SMILES/SMARTS, SDF, TDT, SLN 1, Corina mol2 1, PDB, sequence notation, FASTA (peptides only), HELM (peptides only)
- Substructure searching
- Canonical SMILES
- Chirality support (i.e. R/S or E/Z labeling)
- Chemical transformations (e.g. remove matching substructures)
- Chemical reactions
- Molecular serialization (e.g. mol \<-> text)
- 2D depiction, including constrained depiction
- Fingerprinting: Daylight-like, atom pairs, topological torsions, Morgan algorithm, “MACCS keys”, extended reduced graphs, etc.
- Similarity/diversity picking
- Gasteiger-Marsili charges
- Bemis and Murcko scaffold determination
- Salt stripping
- Functional-group filters
- 2D pharmacophores 1
- Hierarchical subgraph/fragment analysis
- RECAP and BRICS implementations
- Multi-molecule maximum common substructure 2
- Enumeration of molecular resonance structures
- Molecular descriptor library:
- Topological (κ3, Balaban J, etc.)
- Compositional (Number of Rings, Number of Aromatic Heterocycles, etc.)
- Electrotopological state (Estate)
- clogP, MR (Wildman and Crippen approach)
- “MOE like” VSA descriptors
- MQN 6
- Similarity Maps 7
- Machine Learning:
- Clustering (hierarchical, Butina)
- Information theory (Shannon entropy, information gain, etc.)
- Tight integration with the Jupyter notebook (formerly the IPython notebook) and Pandas.
- 2D->3D conversion/conformational analysis via distance geometry, including optional use of experimental torsion angle potentials.
- UFF and MMFF94/MMFF94S implementations for cleaning up structures
- Pharmacophore embedding (generate a pose of a molecule that matches a 3D pharmacophore) 1
- Feature maps
- Shape-based similarity
- RMSD-based molecule-molecule alignment
- Shape-based alignment (subshape alignment 3) 1
- Unsupervised molecule-molecule alignment using the Open3DAlign algorithm 4
- Integration with PyMOL for 3D visualization
- Molecular descriptor library:
- Feature-map vectors 5
- Torsion Fingerprint Differences for comparing conformations 8
The Contrib Directory¶
The Contrib directory, part of the standard RDKit distribution, includes code that has been contributed by members of the community.
LEF: Local Environment Fingerprints¶
Contains python source code from the publications:
- A. Vulpetti, U. Hommel, G. Landrum, R. Lewis and C. Dalvit, “Design and NMR-based screening of LEF, a library of chemical fragments with different Local Environment of Fluorine” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131 (2009) 12949-12959. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja905207t
- Vulpetti, G. Landrum, S. Ruedisser, P. Erbel and C. Dalvit, “19F NMR Chemical Shift Prediction with Fluorine Fingerprint Descriptor” J. of Fluorine Chemistry 131 (2010) 570-577. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluchem.2009.12.024
Contribution from Anna Vulpetti
Contains a set of pharmacophoric feature definitions as well as code for finding molecular frameworks.
Contribution from Markus Kossner
PBF: Plane of best fit¶
Contains C++ source code and sample data from the publication:
Firth, N. Brown, and J. Blagg, “Plane of Best Fit: A Novel Method to Characterize the Three-Dimensionality of Molecules” Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling 52 2516-2525 (2012). http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ci300293f
Contribution from Nicholas Firth
mmpa: Matched molecular pairs¶
Python source and sample data for an implementation of the matched-molecular pair algorithm described in the publication:
Hussain, J., & Rea, C. “Computationally efficient algorithm to identify matched molecular pairs (MMPs) in large data sets.” Journal of chemical information and modeling 50 339-348 (2010). http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ci900450m
Includes a fragment indexing algorithm from the publication:
Wagener, M., & Lommerse, J. P. “The quest for bioisosteric replacements.” Journal of chemical information and modeling 46 677-685 (2006).
Contribution from Jameed Hussain.
SA_Score: Synthetic assessibility score¶
Python source for an implementation of the SA score algorithm described in the publication:
Ertl, P. and Schuffenhauer A. “Estimation of Synthetic Accessibility Score of Drug-like Molecules based on Molecular Complexity and Fragment Contributions” Journal of Cheminformatics 1:8 (2009)
Contribution from Peter Ertl
fraggle: A fragment-based molecular similarity algorithm¶
Python source for an implementation of the fraggle similarity algorithm developed at GSK and described in this RDKit UGM presentation: https://github.com/rdkit/UGM_2013/blob/master/Presentations/Hussain.Fraggle.pdf
Contribution from Jameed Hussain
pzc: Tools for building and validating classifiers¶
Contribution from Paul Czodrowski
ConformerParser: parser for Amber trajectory files¶
Contribution from Sereina Riniker
NP_Score: Natural-product likeness score¶
Python source for an implementation of the NP score algorithm described in the publication:
Contribution from Peter Ertl
1: These implementations are functional but are not necessarily the best, fastest, or most complete.
2: Originally contributed by Andrew Dalke
3: Putta, S., Eksterowicz, J., Lemmen, C. & Stanton, R. “A Novel Subshape Molecular Descriptor” Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences 43:1623–35 (2003).
4: Tosco, P., Balle, T. & Shiri, F. “Open3DALIGN: an open-source software aimed at unsupervised ligand alignment.” J Comput Aided Mol Des 25:777–83 (2011).
5: Landrum, G., Penzotti, J. & Putta, S. “Feature-map vectors: a new class of informative descriptors for computational drug discovery” Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design 20:751–62 (2006).
6: Nguyen, K. T., Blum, L. C., van Deursen, R. & Reymond, J.-L. “Classification of Organic Molecules by Molecular Quantum Numbers.” ChemMedChem 4:1803–5 (2009).
7: Riniker, S. & Landrum, G. A. “Similarity maps - a visualization strategy for molecular fingerprints and machine-learning methods.” Journal of Cheminformatics 5:43 (2013).
8: Schulz-Gasch, T., Schärfer, C., Guba, W. & Rarey, M. “TFD: Torsion Fingerprints As a New Measure To Compare Small Molecule Conformations.” J. Chem. Inf. Model. 52:1499–1512 (2012).
This document is copyright (C) 2013-2015 by Greg Landrum
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The intent of this license is similar to that of the RDKit itself. In simple words: “Do whatever you want with it, but please give us some credit.”